when the sap begins to flow beneath the bark.
haudenasuane and wyandot/wendat peoples made rattles from hickory bark.
some say they pre-date the turtleshell rattles used today in ceremony.
the rough outer bark here was scraped away, the bark is folded
in half ,bound entirely with string,and a stick inserted to keep the opening round.
after several days the stick is removed with all the binding,stones inserted a handle of blackjack oak
has been cut to fit in place tapering bell like so not to come loose inside the rattle. it is then sanded, tied with art. sinew and finished with true oil.